Newark is New Jersey’s largest and second most diverse city. Its neighborhoods are populated with people from various backgrounds: African Americans, Latin Americans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Italians, Irish, Spaniards, Jamaicans, Haitians, Portuguese, Brazilians and many more.
The city is divided into five wards, each with distinct neighborhoods. Residential neighborhoods exist primarily in the North, South and West Wards, while industry is concentrated largely in the East, Central and South Wards near the airport and seaport.
The South Section
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Clinton Hill and Weequahic comprise the two primary neighborhoods in the South Ward. Clinton Hill is a bustling residential community with significant new residential and commercial construction underway. Weequahic is best known for its park of the same name, which lies at the southern end of the ward and features a large lake. The historical section of Weequahic boasts large colonial homes with exquisite architecture. The average listing price is only $204,000. With excellent access to Route 78, the ward also houses Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, the city’s second largest hospital, as well as Newark Liberty International Airport.
The West Section
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The West Ward’s 55,000-person population resides in the historic neighborhoods of Fairmount, Lower and Upper Roseville, Westside Ivy Hill, and Valisburg. The ward features several parks and public recreation facilities that make each neighborhood a place where community thrives. The economic corridors of South Orange Avenue, Orange Street and more serve as major retail shopping strips. Here you will find diverse shopping options and many Caribbean and West Indian-themed restaurants, making these areas an exciting place for tourism and culture.
The Center of Town
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The Central Ward holds the most diverse development in Newark. Downtown is the largest downtown area in the state of New Jersey. It has the largest education center in the state with over 50,000 students and faculty at its six colleges and universities. The Central Ward is headquarters for numerous corporations, such as Prudential Financial, PSE&G, Panasonic Corporation of North America, and Audible.com.
The daytime population of Newark is over 400,000, including a workforce of 47,000 people within one half mile of the intersection of Broad and Market Streets. This has contributed to the Central Ward having the greatest volume of commercial spaces and proposed residential developments.
The East Section
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The East Ward is a vibrant, densely populated, mixed-use neighborhood that used to serve as the center of Newark’s manufacturing sector, and this industrial heritage is still apparent in some areas. Home to a variety of ethnic communities over the past century, the East Ward (also known as the Ironbound section) has long attracted new immigrants looking to settle in the city, and continues to do so today.
Portuguese and Spanish immigrants began to arrive in the Ironbound in the 1920s, adding to the mix of primarily Polish, Italian, Irish, and German residents already there. The Portuguese population continued to grow through the 1960s and 1970s, soon followed by Portuguese-speaking Brazilians and, more recently, Central and South Americans.
Seventy-two percent of the East Ward’s residents are foreign born and its total population is around 55,000. Ninety-seven percent of its population is employed and the average household income is about $50,600 with the median home value estimated at around $263,600. The East Ward contributes 60% of Newark’s residential tax revenue and 80% of the city’s commercial tax revenue.
The North Ward
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North Newark is composed of the following neighborhoods: Roseville, Forest Hill, Branch Brook Park, Mount Pleasant, Seventh Avenue, and Broadway. The ward primarily is a residential enclave with a mixture of housing typologies, from detached single family homes to stately Georgian mansions and modern high-rise apartment buildings with apartments that offer breathtaking views of New York City.
Newark is home to 20 primary anchor institutions, none of which are located in the North Ward. However, North Newark houses several key small businesses and other anchor organizations. These organizations are: La Casa De Don Pedro, Mt. Prospect Partnership, and The North Ward Center.